General blood test (GC)

CLINICAL ANALYSIS OF BLOOD


Type of biological material: whole venous blood

The method of preparing the patient for analysis is standard. In the morning until 12 o'clock, do not eat for 8-12 hours before the test, exclude the use of drugs (if this can not be done, you must notify your doctor), alcohol, tobacco.


White blood cells (WBC) - white blood cells that protect the body from tissue damage and various infections. There are several types of leukocytes, which include: neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes and lymphocytes. Some functions of these leukocytes differ from each other.

Indications for determining the number of leukocytes: diagnosis and monitoring of treatment of infectious, inflammatory, allergic, oncological and other diseases, routine determination before surgery

An increase in the number of leukocytes is observed when:

A decrease in the number of leukocytes is observed when:

Red blood cells (RBCs) are non-nuclear blood cells whose main function is to transport oxygen and carbon dioxide due to the presence of hemoglobin inside the cells.

Indications for determining the number of erythrocytes: diagnosis and monitoring of treatment of anemia, polycythemia and other diseases, routine determination before surgery

An increase in the number of erythrocytes is observed when:

Norm (in SI units):
men - 4.0-5.1 x 1012 cells / liter
women - 3.7-4.7 x 1012 cells / liter

Hemoglobin (HGB) - a protein that gives red blood cells red color, provides oxygen transport to all organs and tissues of the body, as well as regulates the acid-base balance of the blood. Several types of hemoglobin can be found in human blood: HbA1, HbA2, HbF, which differ in amino acid composition.

Indications for the determination of hemoglobin: diagnosis and monitoring of the effectiveness of treatment of diseases, in particular anemia (in combination with the determination of the total number of erythrocytes and hematocrit).




Hematocrit,% erythrocyte mass in blood volume (HCT) - the ratio of erythrocyte volume to the volume of the liquid part of the blood (plasma).

Indications for hematocrit: diagnosis and monitoring of the effectiveness of treatment of anemia and other diseases, determination of the degree of dehydration of the body, a comprehensive assessment of the severity of blood loss.

An increase in hematocrit is observed when:

Mean erythrocyte volume (MCV) is the volume occupied by one erythrocyte in the blood, this indicator indicates the homogeneity of erythrocyte size and is measured in femtoliters (fl).
Indications for determining MCV: diagnosis and monitoring of the effectiveness of treatment of anemia and other diseases.
An increase in MCV levels is observed when:

Norm (in SI units):
men - 80-94 fl
women - 81-99 fl

The average content of hemoglobin in the erythrocyte (MCH) - has no diagnostic value, so it is necessary to correlate this indicator with other parameters of erythrocytes (MCV, MCHC).

Indications for determining MCH: diagnosis and monitoring of the effectiveness of treatment of anemia and other diseases.